Fresco painting is a technique that has been used for centuries in art and involves applying pigments onto freshly laid plaster. The term "fresco" comes from the Italian word for "fresh." This technique was particularly popular during the Renaissance period in Italy and has been used by many notable artists, including Michelangelo, Raphael, and Giotto. Fresco painting has been used to decorate the interiors of churches, palaces, and public buildings, as well as create narrative cycles and decorative elements. Fresco painting is known for its vibrant colors and the ability to capture intricate details. The technique fell out of favor during the Baroque period but experienced a revival during the 20th century with artists such as Diego Rivera and Jose Clemente Orozco creating large-scale frescoes. An example of a famous Fresco Paintings is "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci: Although the technique used in this artwork is not true fresco, it is often mentioned in the context of fresco painting due to its scale and significance. Another example of a famous Fresco Painting is "The School of Athens" by Raphael: Located in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace, this fresco is part of the Stanza della Segnatura, a room used by Pope Julius II. It portrays a gathering of ancient Greek philosophers and represents the ideals of knowledge, philosophy, and wisdom. But maybe the most important Fresco Painting is the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo: This monumental fresco covers the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City. It features various scenes from the Book of Genesis, including the famous "Creation of Adam" where the fingers of God and Adam almost touch. The frescoes on the Sistine Chapel ceiling are considered one of the greatest achievements in Western art.